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Sexual Violence Prevention
According to the Prevention Institute violence is preventable not inevitable. Sexual violence can be examined from many perspectives (public health, criminal justice, social justice etc) with each providing its own insight into this issue and approaches to solve it. The public health approach to sexual violence-
- Concerned with approaches that address the population rather than one individual.
- Depends on collective action - involves the entire community and thereby the entire community becomes accountable
- Emphasizes primary prevention - intervening before the problem (sexual violence) occurs
- Utilizes an Ecological Model that addresses the complex interplay of factors that influence violence at multiple levels (Individual, Relationship, Community and Societal)
What do we mean by Primary Prevention of Sexual Violence ?
The Center's for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC 2004) classifies sexual violence prevention and intervention activities according to when they occur in relation to the violence:
- Primary Prevention:activities that take place before sexual violence has occured
- Secondary Prevention: activities that take place in immediate response after sexual violence has occured to deal with short-term consequences of violence
- Tertiary Prevention: activities that take place after sexual violence has occured to deal with the long term lasting consequences of violence
To learn more about Primary Prevention of Sexual Violence click here.
To learn more about the nine principles of Primary Prevention click here.